Posted by: tonyteaching | November 9, 2010

Editing THESIS

When I have finished writing my thesis, there 2 kinds of activities I should do:

1. Editing:
See & check on the macro level about
* flow of the arguments?
* paragraph structure?
* 1 idea in each paragraph (& put the topic sentence at first sentence)?

2. Proof Reading:
see & check on the micro level about spelling, grammar, punctuation, syntax…


3 Principles in writing a thesis

1. Precise: Clear & correct expression!

2. Empathy: think of your reader (easy to understand by the reader or not,…)

3. Defamiliarisation: allow sometime else before editing!


Academic writing vs Creative writing

| o      o  |
|   —-     |

this picture is enough for a Creative Writing, the author let reader to have their imaginations (it could be smiley face or it could be sad face, …)

But for an Academic Writing, everything must be clear: not ambigue, one interpretation



in writing a thesis, every idea should be present as simple as possible, so…

the simplest syntax of a sentence is:  S + Verb + O

write any sentences in this simple syntaz as possible….

remember: “I Love You” = S + Verb + O


Text Design

1 Sentence = a Complete thought

1 Paragraph = an Idea

a topic sentence should be on the first sentence of a paragraph (again it is for simplicity)

the structure of a paragraph should be:

a topic sentence
support sentences
concluding sentences (optional)

Ideally, 1 paragraph consists of 4 – 10 sentences
and 1 sentences consists of 17 – 25 words

Good Font-type:

The font of Title and content should be a “family” font (e.g. garamond and times new roman…)


Choose variation words, but for the key words should be consistent (e.g. e-government)

Use transition words to make the logical flow clearly!


Cognitive Psychology of the readers

To make sure the readers/reviewers spot, read and understand about our theory or points in our thesis:

1. Make sure the point (the topic) is visually prominent:

on the section…………..write as title, sub-title, section, sub-section!

on the paragraph……..write as topic sentence!

2. Keep the point (the topic) in the reader’s mind by:

Referring it….Say/write it again that you have address the point!


Use the TENSE to persuade readers!

use Present Tense to say that this idea is live, relevant, support my theory!

use Past Tense to say an idea is not longer relevant

again…it is NOT about “when” the idea came up..but it is about whether the idea still “live” or not according to us (the author)



to make something more specific

He loves beer  –> He loves a beer –> He loves the beer –> He love this beer


That & Which

The test that were done yesterday are ready to review ………… same with

The test which were done yesterday are ready to review

but…when using coma

The test, which were done yesterday, are ready to review

“that” can NOT be used:

The test, that were done yesterday, are ready to review (WRONG!)


We CAN NOT Begin a sentence with conjuction


We CAN start a sentence with “To”

To finish this job, I have to be smart

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